It is the largest of the Greater Antilles islands. Off the southeastern coast of Cuba lies Jamaica, and to the north is the state of Florida. In Cuba had an estimated population of nearly 11 million.
The terms "Hispanic" and "Latino" refer to an ethnicity ; people of this group may be of any race. Hispanic people may share some commonalities in their language, culture, history, and heritage.
According to the Smithsonian Institutionthe term "Latino" includes peoples with Portuguese roots, such as Braziliansas well as those of Spanish-language origin.
Others are wholly or predominantly of European ancestry or of Amerindian ancestry. Many Hispanics and Latinos from the Caribbean, as well as other regions of Latin America where African slavery was widespread, may be of sub-Saharan African descent as well.
Census Bureau equates the two terms and defines them as referring to anyone from Spain and the Spanish-speaking countries of the Americas. This is now the common formal and colloquial definition of the term within the United States, outside of New Mexico.
One definition of Latino is "a Latin male in the United States". Under this definition, immigrants from Spain and immigrants from Latin America are both Latino. This definition is consistent with the 21st-century usage by the U.
A later definition of Latino is as a condensed form of the term "Latino-Americano", the Spanish word for Latin-American, or someone who comes from Latin America. A Brazilian American is also a Latino by this definition, which includes those of Portuguese-speaking origin from Latin America.
However, an immigrant from Spain would be classified as European or White by American standards but not Latino by this definition.
Census Bureau's definition of "Hispanic" is limited to Spanish-speaking Latin America, other government agencies have slightly different definitions of the term.
Unlike the Census Bureau's definition, this clearly includes people with origins in Portuguese-speaking countries. Preference of use between the terms among Hispanics and Latinos in the United States often depends on where users of the respective terms reside.
For example, a group of mixed or unknown gender would be referred to as Latinos. In the 21st century, the neologisms Latinx and Latin  were coined as a gender-neutral alternative to this traditional usage.
The symbol is seen as containing both the masculine 'o' and feminine 'a', thus serving a similar purpose. Built in by the Spanish, it is the oldest masonry fort in the United States. This section needs expansion with: You can help by adding to it. January See also: Hispanic Heritage Sites U. Spanish explorers were pioneers in the territory of the present-day United States.
They turned back to the interior, reaching their destination of Mexico City. InHernando de Soto undertook an extensive exploration of the present United States. Other Spanish explorers of the US territory include, among others: In all, Spaniards probed half of today's lower 48 states before the first English colonization effort in at Roanoke Island off the East Coast.
Inthe Spanish created the first permanent European settlement in the continental United States, at St.Chilean Americans - History, Significant immigration waves, Settlement patterns, Acculturation and Assimilation Bu-Dr.
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