Cause and Effect The First Great American Awakening Revival did not drastically increase the total number of people actually joining the church. Notes from Eerdman's Handbook of Christianity in America.
Religious Transformation and the Second Great Awakening Both blacks and women began to participate in evangelical revivals associated with the Second Great Awakening at the end of the 18th century. From these revivals grew the roots of the both the feminist and abolitionist movements.
The American Revolution had largely been a secular affair. The Founding Fathers clearly demonstrated their opposition to the intermingling of politics and religion by establishing the separation of church and state in the first amendment to the Constitution.
In part because religion was separated from the control of political leaders, a series of religious revivals swept the United States from the s and into the s that transformed the religious landscape of the country.
Known today as the Second Great Awakening, this spiritual resurgence fundamentally altered the character of American religion. At the start of the Revolution the largest denominations were Congregationalists the 18th-century descendants of Puritan churchesAnglicans known after the Revolution as Episcopaliansand Quakers.
But byEvangelical Methodism and Baptists, were becoming the fasting-growing religions in the nation. The Second Great Awakening is best known for its large camp meetings that led extraordinary numbers of people to convert through an enthusiastic style of preaching and audience participation.
A young man who attended the famous 20,person revival at Cane Ridge, Kentucky, incaptures the spirit of these camp meetings activity: The noise was like the roar of Niagara.
The vast sea of human beings seemed to be agitated as if by a storm. I counted seven ministers, all preaching at one time, some on stumps, others on wagons Some of the people were singing, others praying, some crying for mercy.
A peculiarly strange sensation came over me. My heart beat tumultuously, my knees trembled, my lips quivered, and I felt as though I must fall to the ground. This young man was so moved that he went on to become a Methodist minister.
As this quotation suggests, evangelical ministers reached their audience at an emotional level that powerfully moved large crowds.
Maze Burbank presented this image to the Royal Society in London with the caption: Evangelical churches generally had a populist orientation that favored ordinary people over elites.
For instance, individual piety was seen as more important for salvation than the formal university training required for ministers in traditional Christian churches.
The immense success of the Second Great Awakening was also furthered by evangelical churches innovative organizational techniques. These were well suited to the frontier conditions of newly settled territories. Most evangelical churches relied on itinerant preachers to reach large areas without an established minister and also included important places for lay people who took on major religious and administrative roles within evangelical congregations.
Religion was a central theme of the s; American Protestants branched off into many different denominations, holding in common the need for meetings and revivals.
The Second Great Awakening marked a fundamental transition in American religious life. Many early American religious groups in the Calvinist tradition had emphasized the deep depravity of human beings and believed they could only be saved through the grace of God.impact on colonial North American development between and • Provides some analysis of two topics and their impact on colonial North American development between and , but treatment of multiple parts may be uneven.
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The Great Awakening. Two powerful influences were competing in American intellectual life in the 18th rutadeltambor.com was the traditional outlook of the 16th & 17th centuries woth its emphasis on a personal God intimately involved with the world, keeping watch over individual lives..
The other force was the new spirit of the Enlightenment, a movement sweeping across Europe & America. The Great Awakening and the Enlightenment were two historical events that shaped the thoughts of people and religion in America. The most important factor in both of these events is the common theme of reason behind the movements.
During the seventeenth and eighteenth century, both Puritanism and the Great Awakening played crucial roles in developing American society by paving the way to the development of democracy, by establishing a culture governed by ethics and morals, and by creating a united and independent society.5/5(1).
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The Enlightenment & Puritanism Essay Words 4 Pages The Enlightenment period, also known as The Age of Reason, was a period of social, religious, and political revolution throughout the 18th century which changed the thoughts of man during this “awakening” time.