You are an adult who has been having reading and spelling problems your whole life and have been wondering if you are dyslexic. How can you know for sure? How can you help?
A child with dyslexia may have more difficulty than usual in reading, spelling, and concentrating.
Specialist doctors and researchers are not precisely sure what causes dyslexia. Some evidence points to the possibility that the condition is genetic, as it often runs in families. Two key factors appear to be: A team at the Yale School of Medicine found that defects in a gene, known as DCDC2were associated with problems in reading performance.
A small minority of people with dyslexia acquire the condition after they are born, usually due to a brain injury, strokeor some other type of trauma.
According to the University of Michigan Health System, dyslexia is the most common learning disability. The International Dyslexia Association estimates that 15 to 20 percent of the American population has some of the symptoms of dyslexia, including slow or inaccurate reading, poor spelling, poor writing, or mixing up similar words.
Dyslexia affects people of all ethnic backgrounds, although a person's native language can play an important role. A language where there is a clear connection between how a word is written and how it sounds, and consistent grammatical rules, such as Italian and Spanish, can be easier for a person with mild to moderate dyslexia.
Languages such as English, where there is often no clear connection between the written form and sound, as in words such as "cough" and "dough," can be more challenging for a person with dyslexia.
This table will show how the condition presents at different stages of life. However, the following categories are sometimes used: The person has difficulty breaking down words into smaller units, making it hard to match sounds with their written form.
This is also known as dysphonetic dyslexia or auditory dyslexia. The person cannot recognize a word by sight, making words hard to remember and learn. This is sometimes called dyseidectic dyslexia or visual dyslexia.
The person cannot quickly name a letter or number when they see it. The person finds it hard to isolate sounds also to name letters and numbers.
The person has an unusual visual experience when looking at words, although this can overlap with surface dyslexia. Sometimes people refer to "directional dyslexia," meaning it is difficult to tell left from right. This is a common feature of dyslexia, but it is not a type.
If a person has difficulty with math learning, the correct term for this is dyscalculia.
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It is not dyslexia.As with reading and spelling, teaching writing to kids with dyslexia can be done and done well with the right methods! I get a lot of questions from readers asking how to teach writing skills to kids with dyslexia.
No Quick Fix. IMPORTANT: There is no quick fix or silver bullet for dyslexia. It can take from 1 to 3 years to get a dyslexic child reading and spelling at grade level, depending upon their level of severity, the frequency of their tutoring or intervention, and other issues.
LD OnLine is the leading website on learning disabilities, learning disorders and differences. Parents and teachers of learning disabled children will find authoritative guidance on attention deficit disorder, ADD / ADHD, dyslexia, dysgraphia, dyscalculia, dysnomia, .
Dyslexia affects the brain's ability to process graphic symbols, such as letters and numbers. Dyslexia can show in many ways besides an individual's ability to read, spell, or use language verbally. The Easy Essay ℗ or Where was this when I was in school?
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