Information on wireless technologies and how they might be used in your organization

Spectrum management Light, colors, AM and FM radio, and electronic devices make use of the electromagnetic spectrum. This determines which frequency ranges can be used for what purpose and by whom. They can be used within range of the mobile telephone site used to house the equipment required to transmit and receive the radio signals from these instruments. For all wireless Internet access, see Wireless broadband.

Information on wireless technologies and how they might be used in your organization

Once persistently installed on a target machine using separate CIA exploits, the malware scans visible WiFi access points and records the ESS identifier, MAC address and signal strength at regular intervals.

Information on wireless technologies and how they might be used in your organization

To perform the data collection the target machine does not have to be online or connected to an access point; it only needs to be running with an enabled WiFi device.

If it is connected to the internet, the malware automatically tries to use public geo-location databases from Google or Microsoft to resolve the position of the device and stores the longitude and latitude data along with the timestamp.

The malware itself does not beacon this data to a CIA back-end; instead the operator must actively retrieve the log file from the device - again using separate CIA exploits and backdoors. Additional back-end software again using public geo-location databases from Google and Microsoft converts unprocessed access point information from exfiltrated logfiles to geo-location data to create a tracking profile of the target device.

Brutal Kangaroo is a tool suite for Microsoft Windows that targets closed networks by air gap jumping using thumbdrives. Brutal Kangaroo components create a custom covert network within the target closed network and providing functionality for executing surveys, directory listings, and arbitrary executables.

The documents describe how a CIA operation can infiltrate a closed network or a single air-gapped computer within an organization or enterprise without direct access. It first infects a Internet-connected computer within the organization referred to as "primary host" and installs the BrutalKangeroo malware on it.

When a user is using the primary host and inserts a USB stick into it, the thumbdrive itself is infected with a separate malware. If multiple computers on the closed network are under CIA control, they form a covert network to coordinate tasks and data exchange.

Although not explicitly stated in the documents, this method of compromising closed networks is very similar to how Stuxnet worked.

The Brutal Kangaroo project consists of the following components: Drifting Deadline is the thumbdrive infection tool, Shattered Assurance is a server tool that handles automated infection of thumbdrives as the primary mode of propagation for the Brutal Kangaroo suiteBroken Promise is the Brutal Kangaroo postprocessor to evaluate collected information and Shadow is the primary persistence mechanism a stage 2 tool that is distributed across a closed network and acts as a covert command-and-control network; once multiple Shadow instances are installed and share drives, tasking and payloads can be sent back-and-forth.

The primary execution vector used by infected thumbdrives is a vulnerability in the Microsoft Windows operating system that can be exploited by hand-crafted link files that load and execute programs DLLs without user interaction. CherryBlossom provides a means of monitoring the Internet activity of and performing software exploits on Targets of interest.

In particular, CherryBlossom is focused on compromising wireless networking devices, such as wireless routers and access points APsto achieve these goals. Such Wi-Fi devices are commonly used as part of the Internet infrastructure in private homes, public spaces bars, hotels or airportssmall and medium sized companies as well as enterprise offices.

Therefore these devices are the ideal spot for "Man-In-The-Middle" attacks, as they can easily monitor, control and manipulate the Internet traffic of connected users.

Information on wireless technologies and how they might be used in your organization

By altering the data stream between the user and Internet services, the infected device can inject malicious content into the stream to exploit vulnerabilities in applications or the operating system on the computer of the targeted user.

The wireless device itself is compromized by implanting a customized CherryBlossom firmware on it; some devices allow upgrading their firmware over a wireless link, so no physical access to the device is necessary for a successful infection.

Once the new firmware on the device is flashed, the router or access point will become a so-called FlyTrap. The beaconed information contains device status and security information that the CherryTree logs to a database.

In response to this information, the CherryTree sends a Mission with operator-defined tasking.

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An operator can use CherryWeb, a browser-based user interface to view Flytrap status and security info, plan Mission tasking, view Mission-related data, and perform system administration tasks. The CherryTree logs Alerts to a database, and, potentially distributes Alert information to interested parties via Catapult.RTI specializes in remote control products for A/V, lighting, security and more - for your home or office.

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Information technology refers to computer-based tools used to support the needs of an organization True IT is enabling more and more people to communicate, collaborate, and compete, thereby leveling the digital playing field.

Wireless communication, or sometimes simply wireless, is the transfer of information or power between two or more points that are not connected by an electrical conductor. The most common wireless technologies use radio waves. Information technology systems are used by organizations to perform various tasks.

Some use IT to provide for the basic processing of transactions, while others enable customers, distributors and suppliers to interact with the organization through various communication technology systems such as the internet.

Types of Wireless Technology. Eighteen major types of wireless technologies exist, containing a large number of subset technologies that range from ATM-protocol based (which sells at approximately $, per data link, to wireless local-area network (WLAN, which sells at .

Wi-Fi - Wikipedia