Shannon Stagman and Janice L.
By Stephen Knapp If we are going to understand the essential truths in Vedic literature, then we must get a glimpse of the content and purpose of its many texts and the expansive nature of the knowledge it contains. The Vedic philosophy encompasses the oldest spiritual texts of any religion in the world, and its subjects are broad and numerous.
Its more advanced concepts can be difficult for even the greatest scholars to fathom.
The Vedic literature discusses many types of philosophical viewpoints, and studying some of them will let us see that many of the concepts that we accept as new today are nothing more than parts of the ancient Vedic knowledge that had been dealt with and thoroughly understood thousands of years ago.
Thus, there are not many ideas that are really new at all. The main purpose of the Vedic literature is to establish knowledge of the Absolute Truth and the process for attaining the highest levels of self-realization. To do that it must, and does, contain the elementary as well as most advanced forms of spiritual knowledge.
So let us see exactly what kind of information is found within the many volumes of Vedic literature, and if there is any one understanding or direction in particular which it encourages people to take for complete spiritual success.
However, this study will provide the knowledge for you to begin to see how vast the Vedic science is and how numerous are these Vedic texts. You will begin to understand that there are few topics that have been left uncovered in the Vedic investigation of reality and the search for Truth, and in its presentation of what is God.
You will also understand in the final analysis what direction they most recommend and how to pursue it. The oldest texts are the Rig-veda, Yajur-veda, Sama-veda, and the Atharva-veda. It is said in the Muktikopanishad that these four Vedas had 21, and 50 branches respectively, with oververses.
Now, however, we can only find around 20, some say 20, verses in total from these four Vedas. The first eight mostly contain hymns of praise to the various demigods, such as Indra and Agni.
The ninth book deals primarily with the soma ritual, which was the extraction and purification of the juice of the soma herb.
The tenth book contains suktas or verses of wisdom and mantras that would cause certain magical effects to take place. The Rig-veda hymns were mainly of praise to the gods that were invoked during the Vedic ceremonies for ensuring immediate material needs.
These were chanted by the four priests who conducted the Vedic rituals, namely the hota who calls the gods with the mantras from the Rig-veda; the adhvaryu who performs all the rituals of the ceremony according to the Yajur-veda; the udgata who sings the Sama-veda mantras; and the brahmana who supervises the general ceremony.
However, it was usually only the brahmana priests who could be sure of chanting the mantras accurately to produce the desired result. If the mantra was chanted incorrectly by someone who was not qualified, the desired result would not take place and often something undesirable or horrible would happen instead.
The main gods in the Rig-veda were Indra the god of heaven and rainAgni the fire god and Surya the sun god.This literature review is part of the Understanding Poverty: Childhd and Family Experi-oo ences study sponsored by the Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation in the Admin- istration for Children and Families, U.S.
Department of Health and Human Services, which. hss/hsf/dp.e impact of out-of-pocket payments for treatment of non- communicable diseases in developing countries: a review of literature by priyanka saksena, ke xu and david b. evans. This review begins with a life-course perspective on health, poverty and housing, before examining new threats that may exacerbate ill-health in informal settlements.
This bar-code number lets you verify that you're getting exactly the right version or edition of a book. The digit and digit formats both work. American International Journal of Social Science Vol.
3, No. 7; December Causes of Poverty in Africa: A Review of Literature. Poverty as a factor of social exclusion, mental and physical illness Life is short(er) A universal and simple measure of poverty consists in looking at different populations’ health and life expectancy.