Types[ edit ] The pancreas has multiple functions, served by the endocrine cells in the islets of Langerhans and the exocrine acinar cells. Pancreatic cancer may arise from any of these and disrupt any of their functions. The many types of pancreatic cancer can be divided into two general groups. There are several sub-types of exocrine pancreatic cancers, but their diagnosis and treatment have much in common.
Pancreatic ultrasound Pancreatic ultrasound During an endoscopic ultrasound of the pancreas, your doctor inserts a thin, flexible tube Pancreatic cancer down your throat and into your abdomen.
An ultrasound device at the end of the tube emits sound waves that generate images of your pancreas and nearby tissues. If your doctor suspects pancreatic cancer, he or she may have you undergo one or more of the following Pancreatic cancer Imaging tests that create pictures of your internal organs.
These tests help your doctors visualize your internal organs, including the pancreas. Techniques used to diagnose pancreatic cancer include ultrasound, computerized tomography CT scans, magnetic resonance imaging MRI and, sometimes, positron emission tomography PET scans.
Using a scope to create ultrasound pictures of your pancreas. An endoscopic ultrasound EUS uses an ultrasound device to make images of your pancreas from inside your abdomen. The device is passed through a thin, flexible tube endoscope down your esophagus and into your stomach in order to obtain the images.
Removing a tissue sample for testing biopsy. A biopsy is a procedure to remove a small sample of tissue for examination under a microscope. Your doctor may obtain a sample of tissue from the pancreas by inserting a needle through your skin and into your pancreas fine-needle aspiration.
Or he or she may remove a sample during EUS, guiding special tools into the pancreas. Your doctor may test your blood for specific proteins tumor markers shed by pancreatic cancer cells.
One tumor marker test used in pancreatic cancer is called CA But the test isn't always reliable, and it isn't clear how best to use the CA test results.
Some doctors measure your levels before, during and after treatment. If your doctor confirms a diagnosis of pancreatic cancer, he or she tries to determine the extent stage of the cancer.
Using information from staging tests, your doctor assigns your pancreatic cancer a stage, which helps determine what treatments are most likely to benefit to you. The stages of pancreatic cancer are indicated by Roman numerals ranging from 0 to IV. The lowest stages indicate that the cancer is confined to the pancreas.
By stage IV, the cancer has spread to other parts of the body. The cancer staging system continues to evolve and is becoming more complex as doctors improve cancer diagnosis and treatment. Your doctor uses your cancer stage to select the treatments that are right for you.
Don't hesitate to ask your doctor about his or her experience with diagnosing pancreatic cancer. If you have any doubts, get a second opinion.
Treatment Treatment for pancreatic cancer depends on the stage and location of the cancer as well as on your overall health and personal preferences. For most people, the first goal of pancreatic cancer treatment is to eliminate the cancer, when possible.Cancer is a class of diseases characterized by out-of-control cell growth, and pancreatic cancer occurs when this uncontrolled cell growth begins in the pancreas.
The pancreas is a 6-inch long organ located behind the stomach in the back of the abdomen, near the gall bladder. It contains glands that create pancreatic juices, hormones, and insulin.. Cancer.
Pancreatic cancer symptoms include pain, weight loss, jaundice, loss of appetite, nausea, change in stool, pancreatitis and recent-onset diabetes. Learn more. Pancreatic cancer — Overview covers symptoms, risk factors, prevention, diagnosis, surgery, chemotherapy and other treatment for cancer of the pancreas.
Pancreatic cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancerous) cells form in the tissues of the rutadeltambor.com pancreas is a gland located behind the stomach and in front of the rutadeltambor.com pancreas. Most pancreatic cancers are exocrine cancers. Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (NETs), or islet cell tumors, are less common but tend to have a better outlook (prognosis).
If you have pancreatic cancer or are close to someone who does, knowing what to expect can help you cope. Here you can find out.