Psychology essays peer adolescents development

Developmental Stages Essay Adolescence is probably the most difficult period in life of every individual since it is a transitional stage between childhood and adulthood. In this period adolescent undergo significant changes in physiological, psychological and social aspects.

Psychology essays peer adolescents development

The rise of peer relationship is one of the most important transitions that happen during adolescence.

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Child Psychology | UK Essays Writers Development of an individual from infancy, childhood, all through adolescence to adulthood is influenced by various factors. Parents and siblings nurture the child in the primary socialization category.

It is also that stage of learning and practicing a variety of social skills, including, cooperation, persuasion, compromise, emotional control, and conflict. Erath, Flanagan, and Bierman have stated the rates of social anxiety begins to climb significantly during adolescence. Mancini, van Ameringen, Bennett, Patterson, and Wattson,stated that social anxiety involves an excessive fear of interpersonal scrutiny and the associated potential for embarrassment or humiliation.

It is also associated with the perception that an individual can be evaluated negatively by others in a social context.

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Previous researchers have shown that adolescents who are socially anxious tends to have a low self-esteem and they tends to evaluate their behavior negatively. They also have the tendency to display sign of avoidance in stressful performance situations and to withdraw from peer interactions.

According to Blote and Westenbergadolescents who are socially anxious has a tendency to be least liked by their peers and they have fewer chances to build positive relationships with their peers. Previous researchers have examined the different dimensions of peer relationships, such as peer victimization, peer rejection, peer acceptance, friendship quality, and peer attachment.

In fact, researchers have been established the relationship between peer victimization with negative outcomes such as social anxiety.

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It was supported by Siegel, La Greca, and Harrison wherein they found that higher levels of peer victimization resulted into higher levels of social anxiety.

Furthermore, peer rejection is also linked to social anxiety. Sentse, Lindenberg, Omulee, Ormel, and Veenstra stated that when the level of peer rejection is high it promotes insecure attachment towards their peers that contributes to the higher level of social anxiety.

Lastly, peer acceptance is also associated with social anxiety. For instance, in a study conducted by Teachman and Allenthe findings showed that lower perceived social acceptance is a predictor of social anxiety and fear of negative evaluation.

Psychology essays peer adolescents development

On that extent, researchers proved that there is a clear connection between peer victimization, peer rejection and peer acceptance to social anxiety.

This study builds on and extends prior research by investigating the role friendship quality and peer attachment, another dimension of peer relationships, to social anxiety among adolescents.

The primary goal of the current study is to investigate distinct dimensions of peer relationships, friendship quality and peer attachment and their role in social anxiety among adolescents. Review of Related Literature Interpersonal Theory Contemporary Interpersonal Theory Keisler,propose that children and adolescents that are having difficulties when it comes to relating with their peer groups would be at risk to social anxiety.

In shaping empathy, perspective taking and self-perception, friendship was thought to play a particularly important role. The theory emphasizes the contribution of interpersonal relationship in altering inappropriate patterns of relatedness, patterns shaped by current and past experiences of social anxiety, insecurity, and avoidance.

In other words, this theory states that the high or low level of social anxiety will depend on the early environment of an individual.

Furthermore, the theory proposes that every relationship has an impact on communication, motivation, and interaction with every person. Therefore, when an individual is experiencing interpersonal problems, it can lead to disengagement from the social network that could result in anxiety and isolation.

In addition, an individual does not exist as a simple personality; its personality can only exist in relation to others.EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY INTERACTIVE Readings in Educational Psychology. Developed by: W. Huitt Last updated: August Jan 24,  · Middle Childhood and Adolescence Development PSY/ Deborah Wilkerson Middle Childhood and Adolescence Development Changes in Peer Relationships in Middle Childhood and Adolescence Statistics say that in the stages in middle adolescence 30% of the child’s social life and interactions there are a great stage of peer pressure.

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Find peer-reviewed journals that publish Developmental Psychology, organized by category and sorted by impact factor. Free developmental psychology papers, essays, and research papers.

Handbook of Peer Interactions, Relationships, and Groups, First Edition (Social, Emotional, and Personality Development in Context): Medicine & .

Chapter I - Adolescence - Essay UK Free Essay Database