A service provided by local exchange and interexchange carriers LECs and IECs that allow customers to use high-speed switched digital data capability without having to subscribe to private network services. It is usually associated with the supply voltage to the computer, not inside the computer. Sags are the opposite of spikes and are sometimes called brown downs when the sag is not momentary.
Etymology[ edit ] A page from an textbook displaying the alphabet. As a result, the recitation of the alphabet would end in "X, Y, Z, and per se and". This last phrase was routinely slurred to "ampersand" and the term had entered common English usage by Figures 1 through 6 The modern ampersand is virtually identical to that of the Carolingian minuscule.
The italic ampersand, to the right, is originally a later et-ligature. Et ligature in Insular script Example of ampersand based on a crossed epsilon, as might be handwritten. The ampersand can be traced back to the 1st century A.
In the later and more flowing New Roman Cursive, ligatures of all kinds were extremely common; figures 2 and 3 from the middle of 4th century are examples of how the et-ligature could look in this script.
During the later development of the Latin script leading up to Carolingian minuscule 9th century the use of ligatures in general diminished.
The et-ligature, however, continued to be used and gradually became more stylized and less revealing of its origin figures 4—6. After the advent of printing in Europe inprinters made extensive use of both the italic and Roman ampersands. Since the ampersand's roots go back to Roman times, many languages that use a variation of the Latin alphabet make use of it.
An example may be seen in M. Both symbols have their roots in the classical antiquity, and both signs were used throughout the Middle Ages as a representation for the Latin word "et" "and". However, while the ampersand was in origin a common ligature in everyday script, the Tironian "et" was part of a highly specialised stenographic shorthand.
This symbol may have entered the script language by way of monastic influence in the time of the early Christian church in Ireland. The ampersand is also often shown as a backwards 3 with a vertical line above and below it or a dot above and below it.
The ampersand is used by the Writers Guild of America to denote two writers collaborating on a specific script, rather than one writer rewriting another's work. In the list of references, an ampersand precedes the last author's name when there is more than one author.
The ampersand can be used to indicate that the "and" in a listed item is a part of the item's name and not a separator e. The ampersand may still be used as an abbreviation for "and" in informal writing regardless of how "and" is used.
Apart from this, Unicode also has the following variants:There is an acceptable structure for writing professional letters as noted in the guidelines below: what contributions you believe you can make to the organization based upon your qualifications.
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