Some time beforea funerary monument was erected in his memory on the north wall, with a half-effigy of him in the act of writing. Its plaque compares him to NestorSocratesand Virgil. Textual evidence also supports the view that several of the plays were revised by other writers after their original composition. The first recorded works of Shakespeare are Richard III and the three parts of Henry VIwritten in the early s during a vogue for historical drama.
Fate From the beginning, we know that the story of Romeo and Juliet will end in tragedy. We also know that their tragic ends will not result from their own personal defects but from fate, which has marked them for sorrow.
Emphasizing fate's control over their destinies, the Prologue tells us these "star-cross'd lovers'" relationship is deathmark'd. Completely by chance, Capulet's servant meets Romeo and Benvolio, wondering if they know how to read.
This accidental meeting emphasizes the importance of fate in the play. Romeo claims it is his "fortune" to read — indeed, "fortune" or chance has led Capulet's servant to him — and this scene prepares us for the tragic inevitability of the play.
The lovers will be punished not because of flaws within their personalities but because fate is against them. Ironically, the servant invites Romeo to the Capulet's house, as long as he is not a Montague, to "crush a cup of wine. Love Love is another important thematic element in the play, which presents various types of love: How do these various types of love relate to one another?
Is physical attraction a necessary component of romantic love? Because words are slippery, Juliet worries that Romeo's protestation of love are merely lies. How can we know if love is true?
Value and Doubleness Another important theme is the idea of value and doubleness. Just as language is ambiguous, so are value judgments. Within a flower, for example lies both poison and medicine.
Similarly, the deaths of Romeo and Juliet are tragic but also bring new life to Verona. The Friar's own role in the play contains this ambiguity. Although he tries to help the lovers, his actions lead to their suffering.
Shakespeare's message is that nothing is purely good or evil; everything contains elements of both. Meaning of Gender A final theme to be considered is the meaning of gender. In particular, the play offers a variety of versions of masculinity.
One example is Mercutio, the showy male bird, who enjoys quarreling, fencing and joking. Mercutio has definite ideas about what masculinity should look like.In-depth and accurate Shakespeare information, including free play analysis, Shakespeare's biography, essays, answers to common Shakespeare questions, and a Shakespearean glossary.
Romeo and Juliet study guide contains a biography of William Shakespeare, literature essays, a complete e-text, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a . they knew less about psychology than more recent Hamlet critics, but they were nearer in spirit to Shakespeare’s art; and as they insisted on the importance of the effect of the whole rather than on the importance of the leading character, they were nearer, in their old-fashioned way, to the secret of dramatic art in general.
Romeo and Juliet, the tragic play by William Shakespeare, centers around the love story between Romeo, the young heir of the Montagues, and Juliet, the daughter of the house of Capulet.
Because of. Critical Essays on Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet Joseph A.
Porter Critical Essays on British Literature James Nagel, Series Editor, University of Georgia G. K. Hall's three series of critical essays give comprehensive coverage of major authors worldwide and throughout history.
Romeo and Juliet help, plot summary, themes, criticism, analysis, forced marriages, figures of speech, study guide.