List of deaths from drug overdose and intoxication From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to navigation Jump to search This is a dynamic list and may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness.
A changing story Harmful drug use continues to be a serious public health issue in Australia with 1, drug induced deaths registered in This is the highest number of drug deaths in twenty years, and is similar to the number recorded in the late s, when a steep increase in opioid use, specifically heroin, led to deaths peaking at 1, in Although the number of drug induced deaths is the highest on record, the death rate per capita of 7.
Changes in drug deaths have been significant over this period. Inan individual dying from a drug induced death in Australia was most likely to be a middle aged male, living outside of a capital city who is misusing prescription drugs such as benzodiazepines or oxycodone in a polypharmacy the use of multiple drugs setting.
The death was most likely to be an accident.
This profile is quite different from that inwhere a person who died from a drug induced death was most likely to be younger early 30s with morphine, heroin or benzodiazepines detected on toxicology at death. There was also a perception among respondents that it caused the most drug deaths when excluding alcohol and tobacco.
While prescription drugs actually cause the highest numbers of drug induced deaths, there has been a rapid increase in the number of methamphetamine deaths, with the death rate in four times that in 1. Across the whole population, younger Australians under 35 years of age have lower rates of drug induced death when compared towhile older Australians 45 and over generally have higher rates.
This also reflects changes in the types of drugs causing death. Deaths from illicit substances like heroin and methamphetamines tend to occur among younger age groups, while deaths from benzodiazepines and prescription opiates tend to occur among older people.
This article provides further information and analysis on drug induced deaths in Australia in If you are concerned about your own drug use or that of a family member, friend, or colleague, talk to your general practitioner. There are also many organisations which are able to provide help and support.
A list of contacts is included at the end of this article.
Defining a Drug Induced Death Understanding what constitutes a drug death is complex as mortality from drug use manifests in a multitude of forms. Deaths can be directly attributable to drug abuse such as overdoses, or deaths can occur where a drug is found to be a contributory factor such as a traffic accident where the deceased was found to be under the influence of a substance at time of death.
This article focusses in the main on drug induced deaths. Information on drug related deaths is included towards the end of the article. In Australia, acute drug overdose deaths are referred to a coroner and subject to forensic pathology and toxicology.
Autopsy and toxicology reports provide detailed drug information including the identification of specific drugs in the system, approximate levels of drugs in the system and the relatedness of drugs to the death.
The Australian Bureau of Statistics accesses this information via the National Coronial Information System and applies codes from the International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision, to the medical text for tabulation into statistical output.
For the purposes of this report, deaths are output using a modified version of a drug induced death tabulation created by the United States Center for Disease Control and Prevention CDC. The tabulation, which consists of ICD codes can be found here.
The CDC drug induced death listing includes overdose deaths of all intents i. Tobacco has been removed from the tabulation, as the links between smoking and premature mortality, especially in relation to chronic respiratory diseases, is well documented.
Excluded from the article are deaths due to drug use in a surgical procedure e. Deaths due exclusively to alcohol abuse require specific demographic considerations, and display complications which are distinctive compared to those of drug deaths.
Therefore alcohol related deaths will be explored in future analytical work. Drug Induced Deaths over time Following peak rates of deaths in the late 90s, rates of drug deaths were relatively stable in the early to mids.
From there has been a significant increase in rates of drug induced deaths, with a preliminary rate of 7.Jun 05, · AKRON, Ohio — Drug overdose deaths in most likely exceeded 59,, the largest annual jump ever recorded in the United States, according to preliminary data compiled by The New York Times.
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