The two different theories of the liberal tradition of democracy

References and Further Reading 1. He personifies the Laws of Athens, and, speaking in their voice, explains that he has acquired an overwhelming obligation to obey the Laws because they have made his entire way of life, and even the fact of his very existence, possible.

The two different theories of the liberal tradition of democracy

On the uses of a liberal education: At times it appears that the purpose of his education is just to entertain him. Today is evaluation day in my Freud class, and everything has changed. The class meets twice a week, late in the afternoon, and the clientele, about fifty undergraduates, tends to drag in and slump, looking disconsolate and a little lost, waiting for a jump start.

To get the discussion moving, they usually require a joke, an anecdote, an off-the-wall question -- When you were a kid, were your Halloween getups ego costumes, id costumes, or superego costumes? That sort of thing. But today, as soon as I flourish the forms, a buzz rises in the room.

Today they write their assessments of the course, their assessments of me, and they are without a doubt wide-awake. But why am I so distressed, bolting like a refugee out of my own classroom, where I usually hold easy sway?

Liberalism (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

Overall, I get off pretty well. Yet I have to admit that I do not much like the image of myself that emerges from these forms, the image of knowledgeable, humorous detachment and bland tolerance.

I do not like the forms themselves, with their number ratings, reminiscent of the sheets circulated after the TV pilot has just played to its sample audience in Burbank. Most of all I dislike the attitude of calm consumer expertise that pervades the responses.

The two different theories of the liberal tradition of democracy

Observes one respondent, not at all unrepresentative: When someone says she "enjoyed" the course -- and that word crops up again and again in my evaluations -- somewhere at the edge of my immediate complacency I feel encroaching self-dislike.

That is not at all what I had in mind. The off-the-wall questions and the sidebar jokes are meant as lead-ins to stronger stuff -- in the case of the Freud course, to a complexly tragic view of life. But the affability and the one-liners often seem to be all that land with the students; their journals and evaluations leave me little doubt.

What book did you most dislike in the course? What intellectual or characterological flaws in you does that dislike point to? The hand that framed that question was surely heavy. But at least it compels one to see intellectual work as a confrontation between two people, student and author, where the stakes matter.

Why are my students describing the Oedipus complex and the death drive as being interesting and enjoyable to contemplate? And why am I coming across as an urbane, mildly ironic, endlessly affable guide to this intellectual territory, operating without intensity, generous, funny, and loose?

On evaluation day, I reap the rewards of my partial compliance with the culture of my students and, too, with the culture of the university as it now operates. Current critics tend to think that liberal-arts education is in crisis because universities have been invaded by professors with peculiar ideas: They believe that genius and tradition are out and that P.

But mulling over my evaluations and then trying to take a hard, extended look at campus life both here at the University of Virginia and around the country eventually led me to some different conclusions.

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To me, liberal-arts education is as ineffective as it is now not chiefly because there are a lot of strange theories in the air.John Stuart Mill (–) was the most famous and influential British philosopher of the nineteenth century.

He was one of the last systematic philosophers, making significant contributions in logic, metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, political philosophy, and social theory.

On the uses of a liberal education: 1. as lite entertainment for bored college students. September 1, Harper's Magazine. Mark Edmundson. A college student getting a liberal arts education ponders filling out a questionnaire that includes an opportunity for him to evaluate his instructor.

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Feb 13,  · Understanding of liberal democracy - liberal democracy Understanding what it terms the definition of liberal democracy or liberal democracy is the internet definition notion of liberal democracy is liberal democracy (or constitutional democracy) is a political system that protects the constitutional rights of the individual from government control.

Jul 17,  · Feature. George Soros Bet Big on Liberal Democracy. Now He Fears He Is Losing. His enemies paint him as all-powerful, but the billionaire philanthropist believes that his political legacy has.

Liberalism - Wikipedia

The Variety Of Viewpoints, Especially Among “Intellectuals” Yet I must now immediately "qualify" that too simple or single ac­count of the liberal outlook of this era, which rather describes the rel­atively most conservative variant, or part of the rather wide spectrum of differing "shades" that in fact coexisted in different quarters.

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The political spectrum changed; traditional monarchy became more and more a fringe view and liberal democracy became more and more mainstream. By the end of the 19th century, liberal democracy was no longer only a "liberal" idea, but an idea supported by many different ideologies. Two different kinds of stress might be pulling liberal democracy apart. One is austerity. A polity stripped to the minimum of regulatory functionality for the benefit of financial looting provokes reactions against the liberal side of liberal democracy to which both class and nation based versions of the democratic can appear as a alternative. Lecture 19 The French Revolution and the Socialist Tradition: Early French Communists (1) The history of the French Revolution illuminates a number of ideological trends which were developing toward the end of the 18th century.

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Project MUSE - C. B. Macpherson and Liberal-Democratic Theory